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Safety Tips for Driving at Night


Nighttime driving presents unique difficulties that daytime drivers do not have to deal with. You are three times more likely to be involved in a fatal traffic accident at night. The main reason—not surprisingly—is that many people cannot see well in the dark.


Fortunately, there are some safety precautions you can follow to avoid the inherent hazards of nighttime driving:


Drive Sober

Driving under the influence is dangerous and ruins lives. The number of drunk driving fatalities quadruples at night. If you do not have a designated driver, take a cab or public transportation. There is never a good excuse to drive impaired.


Avoid 2-Lane Highways

When it’s dark out, two-lane highways pose a unique risk to drivers due to the nighttime glare from oncoming cars' headlights. If you can, take a safer route at night. If you are unable to avoid a two-lane highway, make sure you know what to do when approaching another vehicle at night:

  • When approaching from the front, dim your headlights. Using high beams can disorient the oncoming driver and increase the risk of an accident.

  • When approaching from behind, follow at a distance of approximately three to six seconds, in order to allow for ample response time. Also, make sure to dim your headlights.


Don’t Tailgate: Slow Down and Increase Distance

We are all in a hurry to get home, but it is much more likely that you will arrive safely if you slow down and do not tailgate. Using your headlights will help you gauge your distance and stop time. If you cannot stop inside the lit area, you are too close to the car in front of you.


The 3-second rule is another way to estimate your distance from the vehicle in front of you—when driving, pick a non-moving object along the road, like a tree or a telephone pole, and when the vehicle in front of you passes that object, start counting in your head. During the daytime, there should be at least a 3-second gap between you and the vehicle in front of you. If driving at night, you should double this to a 6-second gap.


Never Drive Drowsy

Drowsy driving is the dangerous combination of driving while fatigued, which statistically happens more at night. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), drowsy driving contributes to 100,000 crashes each year as reported by police.


Driving when tired impairs one’s driving, similar to the effects of drugs and alcohol. Drowsy drivers have slower reaction time and become less aware. If you feel tired, stop at a rest area or gas station to take a break, stretch your legs, or get some food.


Maintain Your Windshield and Wipers

Windshields that are dirty or broken can scatter light and increase the effects of glare. Remove bugs, road salt, and dirt from the exterior windshield, and use a microfiber towel to wipe down the cloudy residue buildup on the interior windshield. Make sure to have any cracks or scratches fixed as soon as possible.


To prevent wiper blades from becoming brittle, cracked, or torn, they should be replaced every six months or as soon as you notice a downgrade in driving visibility.


Use High Beams Whenever Possible

When driving at night on open or rural roads, use your high beams. As opposed to standard lights, which have a range of 250 feet, high beams will allow you to see a distance of 500 feet.


If you see an oncoming vehicle, dim your lights until you have passed each other because high beams can be blinding and create severe glare for on-coming drivers. When you are following another vehicle, do not use high beams as the glare in their rearview mirror can be distracting or impede their vision.


Exercise Caution When Driving At Night

Use all of your defensive driving skills when driving at night. Staying alert and following the above precautions can help keep you and those around you safe.


If you or a loved one has been injured due to someone else’s negligence, reach out to the dedicated personal injury attorneys at Hirsch Andrade, LLP. Call us at (203) 331-8888 or visit our website for a free consultation today.

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